People’s Expedition to Experience Peat (PEEP)

What is PEEP?

Prevention is better than cure.

To tackle the root causes of the haze, we work with communities and NGO partners in Indonesia and Malaysia on fire prevention, peat conservation and sustainable livelihood programmes.

To give you an opportunity to better understand the Haze issue and support local projects, we organise trips called People’s Expedition to Experience Peat.

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How it all started

In 2016, PM Haze organised the first ever people-to-people collaboration in a peat swamp forest between Singapore and Malaysia bringing 20 volunteers to the Raja Musa Forest Reserve (RMFR), Selangor, Malaysia. We constructed a crowdfunded canal block and planted trees to preserve water in the peat swamp forest, mitigating fires and haze.

We visited an oil palm plantation which allowed participants to understand the need for collaboration between RMFR and local farmers in protecting the peat swamp forest.

Through all this engagement we have learned the crucial role of peatland ecosystems in the Haze and Climate Change issues. This has inspired us to begin the People’s Expedition to Experience Peat (PEEP).

This unique experiential program will operate on the ground, in Malaysia and Indonesia. PEEP aims to extend participants knowledge and understanding so they are empowered to support and champion the fight against haze and develop a deeper awareness the biophysical environment and the many challenges it faces in the world.


Our PEEP locations

SelangorMalaysia, Raja Musa Forest Reserve (RMFR)

Project surface: 35,656 hectares

The Raja Musa Forest Reserve is a peat swamp forest surrounded by agriculture land mainly consisting of rice paddy and oil palm plantations. One of the key challenge is the decrease of water level in the peat swamp caused by drainage of water by the oil palm plantations outside the reserve. During dry season, the dried peat catches fire easily. To reduce the impact of the drainage, canals are blocked to maintain a desirable water level within the forest reserve, meanwhile supplying the excess water to the surrounding plantations. These canal blocks will keep the peat swamp wet and are the most cost-effective measures to prevent fire.

Malaysia, Air Hitam Forest Reserve

Forest Reserve Size: 3,797 hectares.

The Air Hitam Forest Reserve is the last protected peat swamp forest in Johor. We work with Yayasan Kemanusiaan Muslim Aid Malaysia, Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (FRIM) and the County government of Air Hitam to enable their peatland restoration work. Preventing haze goes beyond Singapore borders and we have supported community livelihoods through organising field trips with our the Singapore community.

Tebing Tinggi island location

Indonesia, Sungai Tohor on Tebingtinggi Island

Project surface: 10,390 hectares

Tebing Tinggi is an Indonesian island entirely covered in peat. Since 2007, the peat has been drained by two companies for plantations of sago palm and pulpwood (to make paper). The local community was impacted as some of their land was taken from them and the drainage affected what was left to them. In 2014, massive fires ravaged the island. The community invited president Jokowi to visit the island and he was impressed by their peat management plan. Last year, the government revoked the license of one of the two concessions and gave the land back to the local community to manage it sustainably.